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222                                   FLORA INDICA
nmbcllate than in the following?). Tlie branches are not glaucous. T/Vc have seen
ino JEtna specimens of this plant, which Moris describes as intermediate between B.
Gretica and vulgaris* and adds -that it retained its characters of habit for five years
when grown side by side with B. vulgatis in the Turin Botanical Garden. Philippi
also, in his account of the vegetation of JStna (Comp. Bot. Mag. i. 92), states that
it is the same as JB. vulgaris. There are also in Herb. Hook, specimens of this
species amongst Bonrgean's Sonth Spanish plants, labelled B. JEtne.)isi$, R.S., with
the synonym of JB. vitlgaris, var. australis^ Boiss., appended by M. Cossou. These
specimens have the leaves -less serrated than in the Himalayan form, but they are
vwry variable in this respect. Boyle's description of B. Kwnawarensis is erroneous
in describing the panicle as leafy and pedicels as 3-5-flowered.
5. brachylotrys* In this, which is hardly distinguishable in many cases from var.
7, JEtnensis, the old leaves are very coriaceous. The flowers are abundantly produced.
fee fruit in. Kashmir specimens is large or small, reddish-blade or covered with blue
fcloom, ou stiff and horizontal or pendulous pedicels of variable length. The Sikkim
specimens arc extremely coriaceous-leaved, and some of them, not being in fruit, are
perhaps referable to JB. ttmbettata or vsx.jtonbunda of B. arittata, which has brown
and polished (not glaucous) branchlets.
e. Oretica. The European state of this plant, from which we cannot distinguish our
Indian ones, has been described by Boissier as a southern variety of B. vulgaris in
the body of his e Voyage Botanique dans le Midi de 1'EspagivV but in the appendix
he suspends his opinion in deference to Grisebach, who (EL Rumel.) says tjiat it is
perfectly distinct. It appears under favourable conditions to grow into B. crattegina,,
which again is not to be distinguished from wx.flonbunda of J?. aristata except by
the fruit; indeed, Griffith's Bhotan specimens of JB. aristata accord in habit and
foliage entirely with Aucher-Eloy's J?. Cretica (391) from Libanus and the Grescian.
Archipelago, having very small, nearly entire, lanceolate leaves, but differ in fruit
and the long pendulous raceme. Onr Knnawar specimens accord perfectly with the
plate in Sibthorp's * Ilora Groeca.*
3. B. aristata (DC. Syst. Veg. ii. 8); foliis valcle coriaccis ple-
rumque persistentibus obovatis oblongis lanceolatisve venosis varie
grosse spihuloso-sqrratis integeniraisve acutis obtusis aristatisve ses-
silibus y. in petiolum angustatis, floribus racemosis subpaniculatis v,
subcymosife pendulis suberectisve, baccia stylo brevi stigmateque parvo
<z. normalis; foliis amplis obovatis oblpngis ellipticisve acutis
aristatisve (1-3-pollicaribus) apiceux versus hie illic spinuloso-dentatia
utrinque viridibus v. subtus glaucia, racemis compositis multifloris v.
subcorymbosis, floribus magnis, pedicellis rubris glaucisve.—DC. Prod.
L 106; AM*. $*ot. Mor. i. 98; Boyle, III. 64; Wall. Cat. 1474 rf
1475 expbrte! B. tinctoria," Lesch. in Mem. MM. ix. 806 : WlgU et
Arn. Prod. i. 16; Selets. Ic. Sel ii. t. 2; WigU> HI. 11> 8; 'fanhoutte,
Flore des Serres, vi. t. 75; Lindky et Pwiwi, M. Garden, \. IS. f. 5 ;
Wall. (M. X476! B. Chitria, Ham. m*s.; Xer in Bot. Ecj. t. 72»;
Don, Prodr, 204, B. anr^stifolia, Rod>. Eort. J?^y. 87-
fi.florThundfL; foliis obovatis oblongis lanceolatisve integerrimis v.
varie spinuloso-sterratis subtus glaucis v. concoloribus, floribus Tacemosis
umbellatisve, pedtmculis ssepius elongatis simplicibus, pedicellis brevi-
usculis elongatisVe Interdum valde glaucis.—B. f oribnnda et B. petio-
laris, Wall. m*s. *u& 1474, et $$», Syst. Bard. i. 115 ; LmdUy in Penny
Cyclop, iy. 361, B. aristata, ^Tttlf- Herb. 1474, ex parte! B. affinia
ft B. ceratophylla, Don, Syst. Gdtit. B. coriaria, Royle, mu. / Lindln/